Berlin had deployed some 1,000 soldiers to Mali as part of the MINUSMA peacekeeping operation against armed groups there.
MINUSMA, officially known as UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali, was established in 2013 to support foreign and local troops battling armed groups. But in recent months, there have been repeated instances of friction between the Malian military government and the mission.
The mission has about 12,000 military personnel deployed in the country. The three largest contributors are Chad, Bangladesh and Egypt.
Europe’s relations with Mali have deteriorated since a military coup in 2020 and since the government invited fighters from the Wagner Group, a Kremlin-linked private military company, to support its fight against rebels.
That prompted France to withdraw its troops in 2022 after almost a decade in Mali.